SOCIAL AND RELIGIOUS P-LEVEL NATIONAL EXAMINATION 2019

ATTEMPT ALL QUESTIONS (100Marks)

  1. (a)Two benefits of industrial development in Rwanda are:

        (i)……………………………………………………………………………………………. (1mark)

       (ii)…………………………………………………………………………………………….. (1mark)

(b) One problem facing industries in Rwanda is:

…………………………………………………………………………………………… ……… (1mark)

2. Why do you think there are high unemployment in Rwanda?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

3. Explain any two causes of drought in African countries.

(a)………………………………………………………………………………………………..   (1mark)

(b)………………………………………………………………………………………. ……….. (1mark)

3. Mention any one killer disease in Africa ……………………………………………………….  (1mark)

5. How does electricity supply increase social and economic development in Rwanda?

(a)………………………………………………………………………………………. ……… (1mark)

(b)………………………………………………………………………………………….……  (1mark)

6. One reason why regional economic integration are formed is 

………………………………………………………………………………………………….. (1mark)

7. It is important for Rwanda to co-operate with other countries in Africa because ………………………………………………………………………………………………………(1mark)

8. Give one benefit of community work (Umuganda) in your village.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………..    (1mark)

9. Using an arrow match the source of energy in A with its energy type in B                                     (4mark) 

Source of energy A Type of energy generated B
Running water/waterfall Solar power
The sun Biogas
Animal waste Geo-thermal
Uranium Hydro-electric power

10. One reason why the desert regions of Africa have fewer people who live there is: ………………………………………………………………………………………………………(1mark)

11. Two ways in which climate change affects human activities in Africa are:

(a)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

(b)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

12. One reason why the equatorial regions receive a lot of rainfall is:

……………………………………………………………………………………………………..(1mark)

13. The equator is one latitude that crosses Africa. The other two lines of latitude to the south 

        and north of the equator that cross Africa are:

  (a)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

  (b)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

14. What is the importance of lakes and rivers to the people of Rwanda?

(a)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

(b)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

15. Describe any two characteristics of equatorial forests.

 (a)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

 (b)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

16. State any two reasons why your country created national parks.

 (a)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

(b)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

17. The camel is known as the “ship of the desert” because:

………………………………………………………………………………………………         (1mark)

18. Suggest two ways of conserving forests in Rwanda.

 (a)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

(b)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

19. How is keeping of too many animals on a small piece of land a problem to the environment?

 (a)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

(b)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

20. Mention any two ways through which children’s rights are abused in your country.

 (a)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

(b)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

21. Explain two qualities of good worker.

 (a)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

(b)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

22. Identify two institutions in Rwanda which fight corruption.

 (a)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

(b)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

23.  Give two examples of public assets in Rwanda.

(a)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

(b)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

24. (a) Give two ways in which HIV/AIDS is spread.

  (i)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

 (ii)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

(b) Explain one social effect of HIV/AIDS in your country.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

25. Mention any two economic activities carried out by the people of Rwanda in the pre-colonial period.

(a)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

(b)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

26. (a) Explain any two functions of the legislature in Rwanda.

………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

     (b) Besides the legislature, state any two other organs of the government.

(i)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

(ii)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

27. Explain two reasons why cooperative societies are formed in your country.

  (a)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

  (b)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

28. Give any two airlines that operate international flights in Rwanda.

  (a)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

 (b)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

29. State any two fundamental human rights and freedoms you know.

  (a)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

  (b)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

30.   (a)What is meant by the term “developing countries”?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………       (1mark)

 (b) One characteristic of developing country is:

………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

31.   (a) State any one problem facing cities.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

       (b)Suggest a possible solution to the problem stated in 31 (a) above.

         ………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

32. Suggest any two reasons why your government carries out population census.

   (a)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

  (b)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

33. Explain any two problems faced by farmers in Rwanda.

  (a)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

  (b)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

34.   (a) define the following terms:

(i) Subsistence farming

                  ………………………………………………………………………………………….(1mark)

(ii) Plantation farming

………………………………………………………………………………………………………. (1mark)

  (b) Give any one advantage of plantation farming.

 ………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

35.   (a) The ministry responsible for presenting the national budget speech to the parliament

Of Rwanda is

………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

 (b) Mention any two types of budget we have in Rwanda.

    ……………….. ………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

36.  Name the travel document that allows a person to move from one country to another.

………………………………………………………………………………………………….. (1mark)

37. What form of transaction was being used before the introduction of money in Rwanda?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………. (1mark)

38. Give any two functions of SACCO in Rwanda.

   (a)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

   (b)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

39. State any two objectives of African Union (AU)

   (a)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

  (b)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

40. Suggest any two problems a large population can cause to the development of your country.

   (a)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

  (b)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

41.  Advise the government with two ways in which it can encourage tourists to come to Rwanda.

   (a)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

  (b)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

42. Why do you think that a cement factory was built in Bugaramaa , Rusizi district but not in Huye district?

 (a)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

 (b)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

43. Give any two examples of how Rwanda education board is promoting quality education in

    your school and in the country.

   (a)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

  (b)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

44. Explain any two reasons why people move from one place to another.

   (a)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

  (b)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

45.   (a) Nationalism is

………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

  (b) Why is Kwame Nkrumah regarded as a great Africa?

………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

46. Give any two ways in which missionaries contributed to development of Rwanda.

  (a)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

  (b)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

47. Mention the two foreign religions that had spread to Africa by 1800.

  (a)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

 (b)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

48.  Identify any two effects of European colonialism in Africa.

 (a)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

 (b)………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

49. Either (a) (i) what is a bible?

                    ………………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

    (ii) State the importance of the Bible to Christians

                          ………………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

Or (b) (i) what is Quran?

                 …………………………………………………………………………………………(1mark)

            (ii) State the importance of the Quran to the Muslim society

                   …………………………………………………………………………………………(1mark)

50. Either (a) (i) In which chapter of bible are details of God’s creation found?

                 …………..    …………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

(ii) Who did God create in his own image?

       …………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………(1mark)

        Or a) (i) How long do Muslims fast every day during the month of Ramadhan?

                   ………………………………………..……………………………………… (1mark)

                (ii)    Which festival is celebrated after the month of fasting?

                    …………………………………………….………………………………… (1mark)

51. Either (a)Which two promises did God make to Abraham?

                    (i) …………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

                    (ii) ……………..………………………………………………………………(1mark)

        Or a) (i) How Prayers many times does a Muslim offer Obligatory prayers (Salaah) in a day?

                     ……………….………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

                (ii)    Which direction do Muslims face while offering players (Salaah) ?

                         ……………………………………………………………… (1mark)

52. Either (a) Identify two lessons  Christians learn from the incident when Abraham was willing

                 To sacrifice his son Isaac.

               (i) …………………………………………………………………………… (1mark)

               (ii) ……………..………………………………………………………………(1mark)

        Or b) Mention two recipients of Zakaat.

            (i) ……………….………………………………………………………………… (1mark)                  

            (ii)    …………………………………………………………………………………… (1 marks)

SUGGESTED ANSWER OF NATIONAL EXAMINATION 2019

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